Reason, Logic, and Truth

LOGIC_REASON

Why don’t more people use reason and logic?

Using reason and logic requires both effort and time.
It’s hard.
Some people are not confident they can effectively employ reason and logic.
Some people have little experience in using reason and logic in evaluating claims and statements of others.
It’s easier just to accept someone else’s thinking on a subject.
Some believe erroneously that they DO use reason and logic most of the time.
Some have little experience in thinking independently.
It’s normal and natural for many people to turn automatically to an authoritarian figure.
They lack the educational foundation that helps develop a respectable level of thinking that leads to reasonable and logical conclusions.
Inadequate education.
Their emotions overwhelm their desire to arrive at the “truth”
It’s too difficult, too much work.
“I know the truth and I’m sticking with it.”
“I already made up my mind.”
“I don’t have time to study the issue.”


 What are some substitutes for using reason and logic?

People who seldom use reason in making a decision, adopting a belief, etc, often employ:

Wishful thinking

Desire
Faith
Fear
Dogma

A required belief

An acquired belief from childhood, parents
Hallucination
Dreams
Mental wandering

Wants

Erroneous claims
Fanciful claims
Superstition
Supernaturalism

Mysticism

Ignorance (lack of knowledge in a particular field)
Assuming, making assumptions that aren’t true.
Myths
Gut feeling

Instinct

Just following the crowd
Follow our “leader”
Lying
The “bully pulpit”

They just guess

Prejudice
Bigotry
Excessive power
Procrastination, then a quick, hurried decision.

 

dark-ages


 “Thanks for your input, but I generally form my opinions from:

TV news programs and shows I watch
Organizations I belong to like my political leaders, my church leaders
Publications I read
My family, friends and those I associate with.”

“I’ve always believed (or done it) this way. Why should I change now?”

“My conclusion might go against popular beliefs, and I don’t want to irritate anyone.”


 

A video by physicist Neal deGrasse Tyson about the importance of truth in science